Alopecia Areata Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis And How to Customize A Hair Patch

Hair loss is more than a health problem that happens to a significant proportion of the population worldwide. The causes of hair loss are various and can be hard to identify. Despite that, there is an increasingly growing amount of hair loss solutions created for the same purpose of presenting a head of beautiful hair.

What Is Alopecia Areata

As many of us are familiar with, alopecia areata is a condition characterized by hair loss from some areas of the body. It often results in a few bald spots on the scalp the size of a coin. That is why it is also called spot baldness. In a few cases, all the hair is lost on the scalp, or all body hair is lost, and loss can be permanent. It is distinctive from the pattern of hair loss that is more common among males.

Alopecia Areata Symptoms

The most common and prominent symptom of alopecia areata must be patchy hair loss, primarily on the scalp. Other areas, including the beard and eyelashes, can be affected, as well as other body parts. The patches can take many shapes, with round and oval being the most typical ones.


The loss of hair usually happens within weeks or even days. There could be itching or burning in the area before alopecia areata occurs. But the hair follicles are not necessarily damaged, so the hair can usually grow back if the inflammation of the follicles subsides. With that said, most people can fully recover from alopecia areata without any treatments. Only about a third of the patients suffer from extensive and continuous hair loss conditions.

In most alopecia areata cases, hair can easily pull out along the edge of the patch in which the follicles are already being attacked by the body’s immune system than away from the patch where they are still healthy. As a matter of fact, other health problems can also cause the hair to fall out in similar patterns, so hair loss alone is not used to diagnose alopecia areata.

In rare cases, some patients suffer from the loss of all hair on the scalp. This condition is referred to as “alopecia totalis.” On the other hand, Alopecia Universalis refers to the loss of hair on the entire body.

Unlike most other hair loss conditions, hair loss caused by alopecia areata is rather spontaneous than predictable. The hair can grow back at any time and shed again. The degree of hair loss and regrowth varies significantly from individual to individual.

Alopecia Areata Causes

Alopecia areata is seen as a systemic autoimmune disorder where the body attacks its own anagen hair follicles and stops hair growth. Normally, hair follicles are kept secure from the immune system, which is called immune privilege. Breaching this immune privilege state is basically the cause of alopecia areata.

It happens with a higher frequency to people who have affected family members, suggesting heredity may be a factor. One in five people with the disease has at least a family member who has also developed alopecia areata. In addition, alopecia areata along with autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritistype 1 diabetes, and celiac disease share other genetic risks. Other risk factors include Down’s Syndrome, thyroid disease, or vitiligo.

 People who are otherwise healthy and have no other skin disorders can get alopecia areata. Initial presentation most commonly occurs in the early childhood, late teenage years, or young adulthood but can happen at any age. Patients tend to have a slightly higher incidence of conditions related to the immune system, such as asthma, allergies, atopic dermatitis, and hypothyroidism. 

One thing worth noting is alopecia areata does not occur evenly across races. Compared with white females, African Americans and Hispanic females have a greater chance of alopecia areata. Besides, there is a lower risk in Asian people than in people of other ethnicities.

So far, only a few studies have examined the patterns and determinants of alopecia. Pathophysiological factors are mainly unexplored. Further research is warranted that takes into consideration environmental, behavioral, genetic, and socioeconomic factors as well as access to healthcare.

Alopecia Areata Diagnosis

Doctors can usually diagnose alopecia areata quite quickly by examining patients’ symptoms. They typically look at the degree of hair loss and examine hair from affected areas using a microscope. If the doctor cannot make a diagnosis after an initial clinical examination, they can perform a skin biopsy. A blood test could be needed to rule out other autoimmune diseases. Given the symptoms of alopecia areata are so distinctive, It is usually quick and straightforward to make a diagnosis.

Alopecia Areata Treatments

So far, no therapeutic treatments have proved to be curative and preventive for alopecia areata. Despite that, a certain extent of success can be expected with the use of the corticosteroid medications clobetasol or fluocinonide, corticosteroid injections, or cream for severe hair loss. Corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatory drugs that can suppress the immune system. They are commonly administered through local injections, topical ointment application, or orally. Other medications, including Minoxidil, SADBE, Anthralin, and mometasone, promote hair regrowth. It is vital to consult a healthcare professional before taking any medicines for alopecia areata as they all have side effects that many people find hard to deal with.

However, no one treatment is effective in all cases, and some individuals may show no response to any treatment. When alopecia areata is associated with celiac disease, treatment with a gluten-free diet allows for complete and permanent regrowth of scalp and other body hair in many people, but in others, remissions and recurrences are seen. This improvement is probably due to the normalization of the immune response due to gluten withdrawal from the diet.

Alopecia areata does not make people sick, nor is it contagious. Despite that,  it is hard to adapt to and accept it mentally. For many people, alopecia areata is a somewhat traumatic disease that entails treatment addressing the emotional aspect of hair loss and the hair loss itself. 

Hair Patch For Alopecia Areata

A hair patch, also known as a hairpiece or toupee, is a modern hair loss solution that offers a partial coverage of the hair loss area on your head to achieve a full hair look. A hair patch is generally made of real human hair or synthetic hair.

In comparison with medications for alopecia areata, A hair patch has proved to be a better solution for a variety of reasons. First of all, it is entirely non-invasive, meaning there are no side effects at all. Besides, it can show its full result as soon as it is put into use without any wait time. And most importantly, it can be easily customized according to the users’ needs and requirements. All the hair patch details such as hair length, color, and hairstyle can be tailored exclusively to fulfill the users’ wishes. So there is incredible flexibility and freedom for the wearers to appear the way they need.

How to Measure the Size for Bald Spot?

To customize a hair patch successfully, it is vital to correctly measure the hair loss area to determine the size of the hair patch that perfectly matches that area and make a template accordingly afterward. That said, it is effortless to get the measurement and make the template provided that the area is of a regular shape. All you would need to know is the length and width of that area. Both can be easily measured using a measuring tape.

The videos below will show you detailed tutorials for making a template for regular and irregular hair loss areas.

Regular size:

Irregular size:

Necessary Tools:

Plastic wrap, Marker, Tape, Scissors, Measuring tape.


  • Firstly, remove a part of the plastic wrap and cover the full head entirely and firmly.
  • Next, use a marker to draw clear lines along the hair loss area.
  • Then attach a few pieces of the tape to the wrap until the hair loss area is wholly covered. Several layers are recommended to make the template sturdier.
  • Lastly, remove the wrap and cut the tapered template along the outline drawn early.

Now you have the template and are ready to customize the hair patch. As a leading hair piece manufacturer across the globe, New Times Hair is committed to customizing top-quality hair patches for alopecia areata patients. All our hair patches are made from classy 100% real human hair that is carefully sourced and processed. All hair patch details can be tailored specifically to the users’ needs. Contact us at to customize yours now!

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June Chen

Sales representative


June is detail-oriented, excellent at simplifying complex issues, making them understandable to all our clients, particularly those new to our services and products or unfamiliar with China.

Originally from Weifang, China, known as the hometown of kites, June moved to Qingdao in search of a better work-life balance. This has been her first job ever since. Over the years working at Newtimes Hair, she has cultivated a friendly demeanor and a sense of humor. June considers Newtimes Hair her second home, a place where she invests her passion wholeheartedly.

Her role extends beyond just solving problems; June acts as a bridge between our team and our clients, embodying our commitment to impeccable customer service.

● What hobbies and interests do you have?

I enjoy exercising. That’s a very important part of my life. I’m a super active person.

● Do you have a phobia? If you do, what is it?

No, not that I know of. I’m a very realistic person. If you mention outlandish stuff like aliens, monster in the bush, I’d be out of my mind.

● What is something you would love to do in the future?

I want to learn how to swim. I know it might sound a bit sarcastic, as I just mentioned that I enjoy doing exercise. Unfortunately, swimming hasn’t been on my list. I think I better catch up on that.

● What wig would you wear if you wore one and why?

I’d give HW1 a try. It looks natural and beautiful. Though we categorize it as a medical wig, almost any female can wear it. It’s got a lace mesh base, breathable, and flexible. You don’t need glue or tape to fix it to your head. Pretty easy, and it gives you all the long hair look a girl could want.


Sherry Sui

Sales representative


Are you new to China or the hair-making industry and feeling a bit lost about where to start? Sherry is your go-to expert. With a keen eye for detail and a deep understanding of our products and services, Sherry will help you identify the perfect product combo aligning with your business needs and client requirements.

Grew up in Yantai, and moved to Qingdao in 2015 with a medical background, Sherry’s thoughts are beyond simply selling hairpieces. She cares about the end user’s health, too. In the process of sourcing the most suitable hairpieces for your clients, it’s worthwhile to pay attention to what Sherry says in terms of scalp health and hairpiece maintenance. You can think of her as a comprehensive, yet concise hairpiece encyclopedia, equipped to offer you top-notch recommendations and ideas for exceptional customer service.

  • How would people in the office describe you?

At our end-of-year conference, my colleagues agreed that I’m a warm hearted, positive, and easy-going teammate. It gives me a sense of reward.

  • Do you have a phobia? If you do, what is it?

I don’t like being confined in a very small space. I believe it was due to a childhood experience. When I was six years old, I accidentally tripped and fell into a shallow well. I had to wait for two hours before I was found. Since then, I’ve found I just can’t tolerate the idea of being alone. I guess that makes me an active team player.

  • You are happiest when…

This may sound boastful, but it’s true. It’s just part of my nature to help others. When I actually see that what I did for them has helped them achieve something, it just makes me excited.

  • Which mens/womens hair system do you sell the most? Why that model?

I recomend HS25V. Oftentimes I’d introduce this model to my new clients to start with, so they can introduce this to their new clients see if hair systems are what really suit them, before they carry on with lace or mono hair systems.


Winni Yu

Sales Representative


Born in Weifang, China’s kite capital, and moved to Qingdao in 2013, Winni has never looked back. Since joining Newtimes Hair, Winni has been a dynamo of efficiency and innovation. She is a problem-solver brimming with ideas and has become a vital part of our team.

From your first contact with Winni to the moment your orders are delivered, Winni ensures a smooth and exciting experience. With her at the helm, the business isn’t just easy but exhilarating, and every challenge becomes an opportunity for innovation.

Transitioning from a client developer to a retention specialist, throughout the years, Winni has successfully assisted numerous clients in solving their issues, particularly concerning product details, logistics, or custom hiccups.

  • What hobbies and interests do you have?

I’m into so many things. All the popular stuff you name: Swimming, badminton, running, all for keeping me in good shape.

  • How would people in the office describe you?

They keep calling me “pretty Winni pretty brainy.” I’d take that as a compliment. I’d say I’m generally pretty fast in term of thinking and figuring out solutions. My teammates often turn to me for help, too. And It turned out that most of the time my ideas worked for them.

  • Do you have any pet hates?

I’m a typical town girl, you know. I’m into cats and dogs. But things like snakes, all sorts of insects, and hamsters; they are not my cup of tea. So, never get them near me.

  • Which mens/womens hair system do you sell the most? Why that?

Most of my clietns are after Q6. And their clients happened to be guys who are into hair systems that are durable and natural. Q6 is a pretty good pick for them. With proper care, it should easily last 6 months.


Tori Zhang

Sales Representative


Tori or Victoria to be exact, originally from Heze, brought her passion for life to Qingdao in 2016. An avid reader with a Teacher’s Qualification Certificate, Tori is known for her professional yet intriguing persona at the office.

As a quick learner, Tori always looks at customer’s needs from a tutor’s perspective. She has a sharp mind, is capable of picking up anything her client is unclear with, and offers the explanation in detail, making sure you understand it.

At Newtimes Hair, Tori thrives on the thrill of a sale, her triumphs now fueling the empowerment of her peers. Her journey at Newtimes Hair is marked by three profound words: abundant, proficient, and revolutionary.

  • Tell us an interesting fact about yourself other than your qualifications, your job.

I’m always fascinated about an exotic lifestyle. I really wish I could travel a lot, go to many different countries, and try their local gourmet food, and get in touch with the locals to actually have a feel of their culture.

  • Do you have a phobia? If you do, what is it?

I’m always afaid of heights. With any tall buildings, be it a chimney or TV tower, I look at it, and imagine I’m looking down right from the top, it will give me sweaty palms.

  • Do you have any pet hates?

Not at all. I generally love all pets. Dog, cats, guinea pigs, rabits, etc. I love them.

  • Do you have a favourite quote?

When you feel tired,it means you are walking uphill. I believe this quote as a truth that gives me a lift whenever I’m down. I believe there’s no gain without pain. Without trying, we can’t achieve anything.

  • Which men’s/women’s hair system do you sell the most? Why that model?

With me personally, the best-selling hair system has been HS1. It has what it’s required out of a good quality hair system, in terms of a natural-looking hairline, undetectable scalp, etc. Most wearers and salon owners are familiar with it. Plus, all our clients have faith in the quality of this hair system. According to their feedback, this is an easy-to-attach, easy-to-maintain hair system for both men and women.


Ivan Mu

Sales representative


Born and raised in a quiet town named Binzhou, China, where the Yellow River whispers its final secrets to the ocean. Ivan’s life was set to transform in ways he could hardly imagine. After completing college in Qingdao, young Ivan little knew that this vibrant coastal city would capture his heart and chart a new course in his life.

Ivan joined Newtimes Hair in mid-2022 soon after his graduation from his master’s. As a trilingual and someone with a professional understanding of Western cultures, Ivan plays a critical role in establishing customer relations in the US and Europe. His approachable nature and a mind of precision make him an invaluable asset to the team.

  • How would people in the office describe you?

I eardrop, and I hear them talking about me. I’m optimistic, proactive, and very friendly, and eager to help.

  • What is something you would love to do in the future?

I love basketball. And I’m a basketball freak. You can call me that. That’s just me. I’m looking at organizing a basketball team in the near future. 

  • Do you have a phobia? If you do, what is it?

I don’t know why I share the same gene with Doraemon. I’m scared of rats. I’m a 6’3″, but I hate rats; seeing one really freaks me out.

  • Which men/womens hair system do you sell the most? Why that model?

New Australia. When it first came out in early 2023, it made me top of sales. I think most wearers like it because at the design statge, our experts considered all possible aspects people could want from a hairpiece, such as a natural look, a level of comfort, and affordablity; it’s similar to lace, but most wearers can afford.